While the signs are noticed by the doctor and people around the addict, the symptoms are known to the addict alone. To give an example, enlarged pupils can be a sign, whilst sleepiness can be a symptom.
Drug Addiction - an addicted person cannot resist or restrict himself to the intake of the substance be it drug, alcohol, cigarette. Even if the substance poses a danger, they will still take it whether or not they know the dangers.
Uncontrollable urge could be occasioned by dependence on a substance. The fanatic might need to surrender (quit), yet discovers it to a great degree hard to do as such without offer assistance.
The symptoms and signs of drug addiction differ according to the person, the drug they are dependent to, their genetics (family history) and personal situations.
The clues and indicators of addiction could be that:
It becomes difficult for the person to desist from using the substance - like drug, alcohol or nicotine, even when the person has attempted to stop at least on one occasion.
Withdrawal side effects - when body levels of that substance go beneath a specific level the patient has physical and disposition related manifestations. There are urges, spells of moodiness, fits of rage, poor concentration, a feeling of being sad and empty, anger, resentment and frustration.
There may be abruptly increased craving. Another common symptom of withdrawal is insomnia. Constant vomiting and constipation may also occur in some situations. There may be seizures, hallucinations, sweats, trembling, and violence when certain substances are involved.
The addiction carries on regardless of health problems - an addicted person cannot take the drug even if they have developed sickness through taking it. For instance, a smoker may keep smoking even after a lung or heart condition prevails.
Social sacrifices happen as activities are given up because of the addiction. A drunkard might choose not to go camping or boat ride if there will not be alcohol or a smoker might choose not to join his friends if they are meeting in a no-smoke pub or hotel.
Keeping up a decent supply - individuals who are dependent on a substance will dependably ensure they have a good quantity of it, regardless of the possibility that they don't have much cash. Sacrifices might be made in other parts of their budget so they can make sure they always have their substance of choice.
Risky behaviours (1) - users will take unnecessary risks to make sure they can get the substance, like stealing or trading sex for money or drugs.
Dangers of Addiction (2) - When the addict is on the drug, they may take bold actions like over speeding.
Coping with problems - an addict often feels like they cannot deal with their problems unless they are using.
Obsession - a dependent individual may invest increasingly time and energy concentrating on methods for getting hold of their substance and sometimes how to utilise it.
Serenely and isolation - much of the time the addict may take their substance alone and even in mystery.
Denial - a considerable number of addicts are living in a state of denial. They (are oblivious of or) ignore the fact that they are in danger.
Excess consumption - the individual takes too much of drugs, nicotine or alcohol in some cases of addiction. The effects can be physical symptoms, like a bad lasting cough (in the case of heavy smokers) and a sore throat, or blackouts (fail to remember moments).
Dropping diversions and exercises - as the compulsion advances the individual may quit doing things he/she used to appreciate a considerable measure. Chain smokers might not be strong anymore to participate in sports they once enjoyed.
Having reserves - the addict might have small reserves of his/her substance concealed in various areas of the car/house; frequently in improbable spots.
Taking an underlying substantial measurements - this is basic with liquor abuse. An alcoholic might drink quickly to get drunk faster and feel good.
Having problems with the law - many of the drug and alcohol addicts(except nicotine) suffer this problem. It may be because the individual cannot judge right, thus do things they normally won't do, or deliberately do something unlawful to obtain the substance.
Financial difficulties - the addicts will be willing to pay whatever it costs to access the substance if the substance is expensive. In some countries, even cigarettes are very expensive, like in the UK, UK, and parts of Europe where someone who smokes two packs a day will spend '660 per month, nearly '8,000 per year.
Strained relationships - such are seen more in cases where drugs or alcohol are the substance in use.
A person, because they indulge in alcohol or drugs may exhibit some or all of the above symptoms and not be certified addicts, but they will not display any of the withdrawal symptoms or the associated craving.