Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) addresses morbid thoughts and feelings for the purpose of treating addiction and psychiatric disorders.
Cognitive behavioural therapy, or CBT, is a method of psychological and psychiatric counselling invented by Dr. Aaron T. Beck in the 1960s.
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They can get over any form of addiction by changing their mentality about it.
Cognitive-Behavioural therapy is presently in use during the treatment of addictions. Patients undergoing CBT treatment are taught to recognize the triggers in their minds, emotions, and behaviour that lead to them taking the drugs. This makes it easy to work on recovery.
Apart from addiction, CBT is also used for treating co-occurring disorders such as:
State of panic
Attention Deficit Disorder [ADD]
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder [OCD]
Loss of appetite
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
There are many rehab centres that provide CBT and you can find one near you today.
Many harmful actions and emotions which people indulge in do not fall in the rational or the logical category and these actions can be identified by cognitive-behavioural therapy. Such reactions and feelings may be brought on by traumatic occurrence or background.
The patients can easily get to know the thoughts that are turning them to drug abuse through the help of the therapists. Fear, self doubt and other internalized feelings together with misconceptions are what usually cause these automatic negative thoughts. It has been observed that many people look forward to be self-medicating themselves to overcome the painful thoughts and feelings with the help of alcohol or by abusing substances.
Addicts find it easier to overcome their addiction when they begin to understand why they are acting or feeling in a certain manner and how their feelings and actions are leading them to the use of prohibited substances.
Recovering addicts can soothe the pain caused by distressful memories by repeatedly revisiting them. The positive behaviours that are learnt through CBT can thereafter be used instead of using drugs or alcohol.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy And Treatment For Addiction
Most users are found to be suffering from deep despair and hopelessness which in the first place were caused by bad or distrustful thoughts.
This clearly indicates that the automatic thoughts within the mind can make an individual susceptible to drug abuse and alcoholism as well.
One of the main things that prevent people from staying clean are triggers and these are things, situations or people that bring about a strong urge to use. As alleged by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, CBT helps people recovering from addictions deal with their triggers in three main ways.
Alcoholism And Other Drugs Can Be Eliminated By Cbt Including
The false beliefs and insecurity issues that causes substance abuse can be resolved using CBT.
Providing the tools needed for self-help to improve their moods.
Teaching the individual effective skills at communicating.
The Skills Necessary For Managing Triggers
Know the things that create an urge to use drugs or alcohol.
Avoid The Triggers
Whenever appropriate or possible to remove yourself from situations, which can trigger the cravings.
This involves dealing with the thoughts and feelings that cause you to abuse the substance using methods learnt in CBT.
Patients can well practice CBT techniques even at the places other than the therapist's office. Patients can do a lot of CBT exercises all by themselves - at a group meeting and at home.
SMART and other such like Addiction Support groups employ the CBT techniques to help their members remain sober.
Cbt Therapy Principles
In order to help with addiction recovery cognitive behavioural therapists are known to utilise specific exercises.
Here are some examples of CBT techniques that are widely used in treatment of addictions:
This involves dispelling automatic negative thoughts by finding proof that shows these thoughts to be false.
For comparison purposes, you can even list the proof for and against these negative thoughts.
This helps them eliminate the bad thoughts and stick with the good thoughts.
Example "my manager thinks I'm useless." I need to have a drink to feel better' becomes 'it's normal to commit mistakes, and I can learn from the example. If I learn from my mistakes and heed my manager's advice, she will appreciate it. This will lead them to realize that they don't need alcohol to feel better.
CBT 'Behavioural Experiments' Technique
By evaluating these thoughts, one gets to understand the better behaviours to follow.
One person may react better when they self-criticize while another will do great when they self-motivated.
One needs to identify the behaviours that work best with them.
Example: " "If I talk kindly to myself after binge drinking, I'll binge drink less." vs "If I'm hard on myself after binge drinking, I'll binge drink less."
Imagery Based Exposure
Here, the patients are encouraged to remember something bad that happened before that causes them to feel terrible.
This will involve assessing all the features such as feelings and the responses they had to that particular feeling.
This will get rid of any nervousness they have been feeling.
Example: A person revisits a traumatic event from their childhood. He presently recalls every detail and emotion of the particular moment. Eventually, repeatedly remembering this episode gives him less pain, and he doesn't feel the need to take drugs or drink alcohol to ease this pain.
The Schedule of Pleasant Activities
This is a method used to reduce the monotony of routines by planning activities that are enjoyable and healthy at certain times.
These activities must be modest and stress-free while at the same time inspiring constructive feelings.
Preparing these lovely exercises assists to low negative involuntary feelings and the ensuing desire to drink or abuse drugs.
Example: An accountant who is feeling overworked could schedule a few minutes of relaxation everyday during his work hours instead of drinking while working. He or she can begin to use the extra time at their desk to enjoy some new music from a melodious artist.
What Is The Difference Between Cbt Vs Other Kinds Of Psychotherapy
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is more likeable than many other methods of therapy.
Addicts in treatment are expected to go beyond just talking to the therapist during the CBT sitting and the therapist is not just a passive listener. The therapist and addict are instead expected to treat the addiction by working hand in hand.
The foundation of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy focuses on action-based treatment, which will be rapid. Lots of mid length rehabilitation programs that last from 60 to 90 days include CBT techniques to give patients more opportunities to cop? with their problems.
It has been observed that some techniques of psychotherapy can take many years before a strong impact is seen. Just sixteen sessions of CBT is often enough to obtain considerable improvement.
Cognitive behavioural therapy techniques are also very flexible, which makes them well usable for treatment both in a clinic and on outpatient basis, and CBT can be applied both during individual counselling and in groups. There are many addiction treatment clinics and professionals who incorporate CBT in their treatment programs.